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perennial

Copper Iris

Iris fulva

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Copper Iris (Iris fulva) at Frisella Nursery

Copper Iris flowers

Copper Iris flowers

(Photo courtesy of NetPS Plant Finder)

Height:  30 inches

Spacing:  18 inches

Sunlight:  full sun  partial shade 

Hardiness Zone:  5b

Group/Class:  Louisiana Iris

Description:

This interesting iris is named for the unusual copper color of its beardless and crestless blooms; native to southern wetlands; an excellent choice for low, wet garden areas or pondside planting; will quickly form dense colonies

Ornamental Features

Copper Iris has masses of beautiful coppery-bronze flag-like flowers at the ends of the stems from mid to late spring, which are most effective when planted in groupings. The flowers are excellent for cutting. Its sword-like leaves remain grayish green in color throughout the season. The fruit is not ornamentally significant.

Landscape Attributes

Copper Iris is an herbaceous perennial with an upright spreading habit of growth. Its medium texture blends into the garden, but can always be balanced by a couple of finer or coarser plants for an effective composition.

This plant will require occasional maintenance and upkeep, and should be cut back in late fall in preparation for winter. It is a good choice for attracting hummingbirds to your yard, but is not particularly attractive to deer who tend to leave it alone in favor of tastier treats. It has no significant negative characteristics.

Copper Iris is recommended for the following landscape applications;

  • Mass Planting
  • General Garden Use
  • Container Planting
  • Bog Gardens

Planting & Growing

Copper Iris will grow to be about 24 inches tall at maturity, with a spread of 24 inches. When grown in masses or used as a bedding plant, individual plants should be spaced approximately 18 inches apart. It grows at a medium rate, and under ideal conditions can be expected to live for approximately 10 years.

This plant does best in full sun to partial shade. It prefers to grow in moist to wet soil, and will even tolerate some standing water. It is not particular as to soil type or pH. It is somewhat tolerant of urban pollution. This species is native to parts of North America. It can be propagated by division.

Copper Iris is a fine choice for the garden, but it is also a good selection for planting in outdoor pots and containers. With its upright habit of growth, it is best suited for use as a 'thriller' in the 'spiller-thriller-filler' container combination; plant it near the center of the pot, surrounded by smaller plants and those that spill over the edges. Note that when growing plants in outdoor containers and baskets, they may require more frequent waterings than they would in the yard or garden.

 
 
Hardiness Zone Plant Height Minimum Sunlight
Characteristics
Massing  Garden  Container  Bog 
Applications
Flowers  Plant Form  Attracts Wildlife 
Ornamental Features

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