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Nigra Compacta Oriental Spruce

Picea orientalis 'Nigra Compacta'

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Nigra Compacta Oriental Spruce (Picea orientalis 'Nigra Compacta') at Frisella Nursery

Nigra Compacta Oriental Spruce

Nigra Compacta Oriental Spruce

(Photo courtesy of NetPS Plant Finder)

Height:  8 feet

Spread:  5 feet

Sunlight:  full sun 

Hardiness Zone:  5a


This very slow growing variety is a real beauty; shiny needles are shorter and darker green than most; a very dense pyramidal compact tree, but will start out wider than tall; a perfect choice for accenting the landscape

Ornamental Features

Nigra Compacta Oriental Spruce is a dwarf conifer which is primarily valued in the landscape or garden for its distinctively pyramidal habit of growth. It has attractive dark green evergreen foliage which emerges lime green in spring. The glossy needles are highly ornamental and remain dark green throughout the winter. The rough brown bark adds an interesting dimension to the landscape.

Landscape Attributes

Nigra Compacta Oriental Spruce is a dense multi-stemmed evergreen shrub with a distinctive and refined pyramidal form. Its relatively fine texture sets it apart from other landscape plants with less refined foliage.

This is a relatively low maintenance shrub. When pruning is necessary, it is recommended to only trim back the new growth of the current season, other than to remove any dieback. It has no significant negative characteristics.

Nigra Compacta Oriental Spruce is recommended for the following landscape applications;

  • Accent
  • General Garden Use

Planting & Growing

Nigra Compacta Oriental Spruce will grow to be about 8 feet tall at maturity, with a spread of 5 feet. It has a low canopy, and is suitable for planting under power lines. It grows at a slow rate, and under ideal conditions can be expected to live for 50 years or more.

This shrub should only be grown in full sunlight. It is very adaptable to both dry and moist growing conditions, but will not tolerate any standing water. It is not particular as to soil type or pH. It is somewhat tolerant of urban pollution, and will benefit from being planted in a relatively sheltered location. Consider applying a thick mulch around the root zone in winter to protect it in exposed locations or colder microclimates. This is a selected variety of a species not originally from North America.

Hardiness Zone Plant Height Minimum Sunlight
Accent  Garden 
Foliage Color  Plant Form  Bark  Winter Value 
Ornamental Features

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